- Executive Summary
This report describes the conformance of the Callander’s Landscape website with W3C’s Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG 2.1). The review process is described in Section 5 below and is based on evaluation described in Accessibility Evaluation Resources.
Based on this evaluation, the Callander’s Landscape website meets WCAG 2.1 AA. Detailed review results are available in Section 6 below. Resources for follow-up study are listed in Section 7 below. Feedback on this evaluation is welcome.
- Background about Evaluation
Conformance evaluation of web accessibility requires a combination of semi-automated evaluation tools and manual evaluation by an experienced reviewer. The evaluation results in this report are based on evaluation conducted from August – September 2019. The website may have changed since that time.
- Scope of Review
- Callander’s Landscape
- A website about Callander’s Landscape, a partnership project that will better connect Callander, its people and its visitors, unlocking the secrets of this awe-inspiring landscape’s rivers, woodlands, mountains, heritage and history for all to enjoy.
- The URLs included in this review were chosen because they represent the range of content available on this website.
- All other URLs were excluded from the review, however, any changes noted from the review pages were implemented site-wide.
- The review was conducted from August to September 2019.
- The natural language of the website is English.
- The review was carried out by the Loch Lomond & The Trossachs National Park Authority Communications Team and Infinite Eye Agency, with the help of representatives from Deafblind Scotland.
- You can contact the review team by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org
- The expertise of the review team include online communications and website design; Using Combined Expertise to Evaluate Web Accessibility.
- The natural language of reviewers is English.
- Review Process
- Conformance was tested against WCAG 2.1 Level AA.
- The website was tested using automated tools including: Website Accessibility by Level Access, Web AIM Contrast Checker and the accessibility features in Chrome DevTools.
- Manual reviews included testing the website against the Website Accessibility by Level Access, Government WCAG 2.1 Checklist and user testing with two representatives from Deafblind Scotland using assistive technology.
- Results and Recommended Actions
This website is close to meeting WCAG 2.1 AA.
- Accessibility features in which this site is strong include alt text descriptions for all images, clear page order when navigating the website using a keyboard, clear headings and labels, understandable language and logical ordering of content.
- Recommended priorities for addressing inaccessible features of site include disabling moving features, having an ‘easy read’ version of the website that users can toggle on and off and adding options to change the height, size and letter spacing of text on the website.
Detailed results, structured according to WCAG 2.1 AA Checklist are listed below.
- Do all images have an appropriate text equivalent? Is essential visual information also available as text?
- YES – All images have an alt tag description. Where information is included visually, an alternative text description has been included.
- Do all audio files have a transcript? Is essential audio information available as text?
- N/A – No audio files are included on this website.
- Do all videos have captions that are synchronised with the audio?
- YES – All videos have captions that are synchronised with the audio.
- Does video that includes important visual information have an audio description?
- N/A – Videos on this website do not include important visual information that is not communicated in text.
- Is all content structure that is communicated visually available to assistive technologies?
- YES – All content structure that is communicated visually is available to assistive technologies.
- If styling is removed is the content in a logical order?
- YES – All content is in a logical order if styling is removed.
- Have you avoided using visual characteristics to communicate information?
- YES – Visual characteristics have been avoided to communicate information. Where used, we have included a text equivalent such as the flowchart on the Leny Woods Community Archaeology page.
- Have you avoided using colour as the only way to convey some information?
- YES – Colour has not been used to convey information.
- Can users stop audio that auto plays?
- N/A – No audio auto plays on this website.
- Does all text have sufficient contrast against the background colour?
- YES – All text has been tested against the background colour in accordance with Web AIM Contrast Checker. Our user testing revealed that although the text technically meets the compliance criteria, it is still difficult to read in some cases. We have taken this on board and will endeavour to improve this by September 2020.
- Is the content fully usable when text is enlarged up to 200%?
- YES – No functions are impaired when the website is enlarged to 200%.
- Have you avoided using images of text?
- YES – The majority of images do not include text. If they do, alternative text has been included.
- Can users flip the content horizontally and vertically?
- YES – The content can be flipped horizontally and vertically.
- Have you added HTML autocomplete tokens to any forms collecting information about the user?
- YES – An autocomplete function has been added to forms including on the Contact Us page.
- Does the page content resize to a single column with no horizontal and vertical scrolling?
- YES – The page content resizes to a single column with no horizontal and vertical scrolling.
- Do all important graphical objects, interface components, and states have a colour contrast of 3:1?
- YES – The colours used in this website has been checked against the Web AIM Contrast Checker.
- Can line height, spacing between paragraphs and letter and word spacing be changed without breaking anything?
- YES – Line height, spacing between paragraphs and letter and word spacing can be changed without breaking anything, with the use of a browser extension.
- Where extra content is shown or hidden on focus, can it be dismissed, interacted with (and not disappear when the user moves to it) and will stay visible until dismissed by the user?
- YES – Where extra content is shown or hidden on focus, it can be dismissed, interacted with (and not disappear when the user moves to it) and will stay visible until dismissed by the user.
- Can all menus, links, buttons, and other controls be operated by keyboard?
- YES – All menus, links, buttons, and other controls be operated by keyboard.
- Do pages that have time limits include mechanisms for adjusting those limits?
- N/A – No pages on this website have time limits.
- Can any content that moves or auto updates be stopped?
- N/A – We have avoided using content that moves.
- Have you avoided using content that flashes or flickers?
- YES – No content flashes or flickers on this website.
- Can blocks of links and other interactive elements be bypassed by keyboard users?
- YES – Blocks of links and other interactive elements can be skipped using the ‘Tab’ key.
- Does each page have a unique title that indicates its purpose and context?
- YES – Each page has a unique title that indicated its purpose and context.
- When using a keyboard to move through a page does the order make sense?
- YES – The order makes sense when using a keyboard to move through a page.
- Is the purpose of every link clear from its link text?
- YES – All hyperlinks use descriptive link text.
- Does the website have two or more ways of finding content, such as a navigation menu, search feature, or site map?
- YES – The website has a navigation menu and search feature.
- Are headings and labels clear and descriptive?
- YES – All headings and labels are clear and descriptive.
- When using a keyboard to move through a page can you tell where you are?
- YES – When using a keyboard to move through a page, links are highlighted with a box and the page moves automatically if something is selected beyond the fold.
- Do you have shortcuts triggered by only one letter or character? If so can they be turned off or remapped by the user?
- N/A – No shortcuts can be triggered on this website.
- Does some of your site functionality need several fingers or complex gestures to operate it? If so, can the same functionality be used with just single taps or clicks?
- N/A – This website does not require several fingers or complex gestures to operate it.
- Does some of your site functionality work using a single point (e.g fingertip)? If so, have you ensured it doesn’t get triggered the moment it is touched?
- YES – Some links only require a single fingertip point on mobile devices, however they are not triggered by touch only (e.g. if a user swiped past the link).
- On forms and other components is the accessible name or label the same as any on-screen text?
- N/A – Accessible names and labels are not included on our forms.
- Does your site respond to motion or movement? If so, can responding to motion or movement be disabled, and your site still be fully usable?
- N/A – This site does not respond to motion or movement.
- Has the language of the web page or document (or individual parts of a multilingual document) been defined?
- YES – The language is defined as ‘English’.
- Have you avoided links, controls, or form fields that automatically trigger a change in context?
- YES – Links, controls, or form fields that automatically trigger a change in context have been avoided.
- Does the website include consistent navigation?
- YES – The website includes consistent navigation across all pages.
- Are features with the same functionality labelled consistently?
- YES – All features with the same functionality are labelled consistently.
- Do forms provide helpful, understandable error and verification messages?
- YES – Error and verification messages on forms are helpful and easy to understand.
- Is the web page coded using valid HTML?
- Do all interactive components have an accessible name and role, and when required state? Has the correct ARIA markup been used and does it validate?
- YES – The Google Map embedded in the footer of this website has alternative text.
- Are status messages and updates given appropriate roles that can be understood by AT, without receiving focus?
- This website will be continuously evaluated in accordance with current website accessibility legislature. In 2020, Loch Lomond & The Trossachs National Park will hold a focus group with Deafblind Scotland. The results from this testing will help inform any relevant changes that need to be made to the Callander’s Landscape website.
- Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) Overview
- Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.1
- Techniques for WCAG 2.1
- Accessibility Evaluation Resources
- Web Accessibility Evaluation Tools List
- Using Combined Expertise to Evaluate Web Accessibility